The first one is less centralized. Trying to block the Internet or individual messengers, the state cuts off access to the trunk channels that connect the network inside the country and outside. But Tor sends user requests through other countries where there are no blockers. And you can safely sit on the Internet further.
Belarus at one time also spent a lot of effort and money to deanonymize users. They tried to collect all possible information about the nodes. But people still broke into the darknet through non-public network addresses that they received from the Tor organization through a special browser.
A couple of clicks — and you can go online, despite all the efforts of the state.
What can be found on the darknet?
Let’s start with a good one. From how the darknet allows journalists to overcome censorship. A recent example is the Distributed Denial of Secrets (DDOS) website, which was opened by an American activist under the pseudonym Emma Best. The resource was promoted on leaks from government agencies.
Hacked emails of government members, oligarchs, businessmen, and journalists. Such information always accumulates somewhere, and then pops up in the darknet. WikiLeaks is a similar project, although they have disagreements. Julian Assange did not spread secrets related to Russia, and Emma Best immediately began with the materials “The Dark Side of the Kremlin”. By the way, Alexander Lukashenko is also mentioned there many times.